# Regular space

A topological space in which for every point $x$ and every closed set $A$ not containing $x$ there are open disjoint sets $U$ and $V$ such that $x\in U$ and $A\subseteq V$. A completely-regular space and, in particular, a metric space are regular.

If all one-point subsets in a regular space are closed (and this is not always true!), then the space is called a $T_3$-space. Not every regular space is completely regular: there is an infinite $T_3$-space on which every continuous real-valued function is constant. Moreover, not every regular space is normal (cf. Normal space). However, if a space is regular and each of its open coverings contains a countable subcovering, then it is normal. A space with a countable base is metrizable if and only if it is a $T_3$-space. Regularity is inherited by any subspace and is multiplicative.

#### References

[1] | J.L. Kelley, "General topology" , Springer (1975) |

[2] | A.V. Arkhangel'skii, V.I. Ponomarev, "Fundamentals of general topology: problems and exercises" , Reidel (1984) (Translated from Russian) |

#### Comments

See also Separation axiom for the hierarchy of $T_0,T_1,\ldots$. A topological property is said to be multiplicative if the product space $X\times Y$ has it if both $X$ and $Y$ have the property. This is not to be confused with a "multiplicative system of subsets" , a phrase that is sometimes used to denote a collection of subsets that is closed under finite intersections.

#### References

[a1] | E. Čech, "Topological spaces" , Wiley (1966) pp. 492ff |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Regular space.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Regular_space&oldid=31738