Wild knot

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A knot $L$ in the Euclidean space $E^3$ (cf. Knot theory) such that there is no homeomorphism of $E^3$ onto itself under which $L$ would become a closed polygonal line consisting of a finite number of segments.

Thus, knots containing the so-called Fox–Artin arcs — certain simple arcs obtained by a wild imbedding in $E^3$ — are wild. For example, the fundamental group $\pi_1(E^3\setminus L)$ is non-trivial for the arc $L_1$ (Fig. a); this group is trivial for the arc $L_2$ (Fig. b), but $E^3\setminus L_2$ itself is not homeomorphic to the complement of a point in $E^3$.

Figure: w097980b

For references see Wild sphere.

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Wild knot. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by M.I. Voitsekhovskii (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article