# Wild sphere

From Encyclopedia of Mathematics

A closed manifold in Euclidean three-space $E^3$ obtained by a wild imbedding of the sphere $S^2$ in $E^3$. Thus, a wild sphere is the sum of two discs with a common boundary, which is a wild knot. The first example of a wild sphere is the so-called "horned sphere of Alexanderhorned sphere" or Alexander sphere (Fig. a); it bounds a domain which is not homeomorphic to $E^3$ (in the figure this is the interior of the cylinder without any interlinking handles and points forming their boundary). Fig. b shows a wild sphere in which the exterior domain alone is not homeomorphic to $E^3$.

Figure: w097990a

Figure: w097990b

#### References

[1] | L.V. Keldysh, "Topological imbeddings in Euclidean space" Proc. Steklov Inst. Math. , 81 (1968) Trudy Mat. Inst. Akad. Nauk. SSSR , 81 (1966) |

#### Comments

#### References

[a1] | R.H. Bing, "The geometric topology of $3$-manifolds" , Amer. Math. Soc. (1983) |

[a2] | E.E. Moise, "Geometric topology in dimensions 2 and 3" , Springer (1977) |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Wild sphere.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Wild_sphere&oldid=31601

This article was adapted from an original article by M.I. Voitsekhovskii (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article