Regular scheme

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A scheme $ ( X , {\mathcal O} _ {X} ) $ such that at every point the local ring $ {\mathcal O} _ {X,x} $ is regular (cf. Regular ring (in commutative algebra)). For schemes of finite type over an algebraically closed field $ k $, regularity is equivalent to the sheaf of differentials $ \Omega _ {X/k} ^ {1} $ being locally free. Regular local rings are factorial (cf. Factorial ring), and so any closed reduced irreducible subscheme of codimension 1 in a regular scheme $ ( X , {\mathcal O} _ {X} ) $ is given locally by one equation (see [2]). An important problem is the construction of a regular scheme $ ( X , {\mathcal O} _ {X} ) $ with a given field $ K $ of rational functions and equipped with a proper morphism $ X \rightarrow S $ onto some base scheme $ S $. The solution is known in the case when $ S $ is the spectrum of a field of characteristic 0 (see [3]), and for schemes of low dimension in the case of a prime characteristic and also in the case when $ S $ is the spectrum of a Dedekind domain with $ \mathop{\rm dim} X / S \leq 1 $( see [1]).


[1] S.S. Abhyankar, "On the problem of resolution of singularities" I.G. Petrovskii (ed.) , Proc. Internat. Congress Mathematicians Moscow, 1966 , Moscow (1968) pp. 469–481 MR0232771
[2] D. Mumford, "Lectures on curves on an algebraic surface" , Princeton Univ. Press (1966) MR0209285 Zbl 0187.42701
[3] H. Hironaka, "Resolution of singularities of an algebraic variety over a field of characteristic zero I, II" Ann. of Math. , 79 (1964) pp. 109–203; 205–326 MR0199184 Zbl 0122.38603


Sometimes a regular scheme is called a smooth scheme, in which case one means that the structure morphism $ X \rightarrow S $ is a smooth morphism (where $ S $ is the spectrum of a field, cf. Spectrum of a ring).


[a1] R. Hartshorne, "Algebraic geometry" , Springer (1977) pp. 111–115; 126 MR0463157 Zbl 0367.14001
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This article was adapted from an original article by S.G. Tankeev (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article