# Generalized function, derivative of a

A weak extension of the operation of ordinary differentiation. Let be a generalized function, . The generalized (weak) derivative of order is defined by the equation (*)

Since the operation is linear and continuous from into , the functional defined by the right-hand side of (*) is a generalized function in . If , then for all with .

The following properties hold for the derivatives of a generalized function: the operation is linear and continuous from into ; any generalized function in is infinitely differentiable (in the generalized sense); the result of differentiation does not depend on the order; the Leibniz formula is valid for the differentiation of a product , when ; and .

Let . It may happen that a certain generalized derivative can be identified with some -function. In this case is a generalized derivative of function type.

## Contents

### Examples.

1) , where is the Heaviside function and is the Dirac function (cf. Delta-function for both).

2) The general solution of the equation in the class is an arbitrary constant.

3) The trigonometric series converges in and it can be differentiated term-by-term in infinitely many times.

How to Cite This Entry:
Generalized function, derivative of a. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Generalized_function,_derivative_of_a&oldid=28201
This article was adapted from an original article by V.S. Vladimirov (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article