# Transversal elliptic operator

*transversally elliptic operator*

A differential or pseudo-differential operator (cf. also Differential operator) commuting with the action of some Lie group on a manifold on which the operator is defined and which is elliptic in the directions normal to the orbits of this group. If the operator acts on sections of vector bundles, then it is also assumed that the action of the given group $ G $ is lifted to each of the bundles and, further, is extended to sections of the bundles. If the group is discrete, then a transversally elliptic operator is an ordinary elliptic operator commuting with the action of $ G $. If $ G $ acts transitively on the manifold $ X $, then any differential or pseudo-differential operator commuting with the action of $ G $ is a transversally elliptic operator. If $ G $ and $ X $ are compact, then the index is defined, and can be calculated, for a transversally elliptic operator. It is a generalized function on $ G $( see Index formulas). Refined spectral characteristics of a self-adjoint transversally elliptic operator, taking into account the action of $ G $, can be defined.

#### References

[1] | M.F. Atiyah, "Elliptic operators and compact groups" , Lect. notes in math. , 401 , Springer (1974) |

[2] | J. Brüning, E. Heintze, "Representations of compact Lie groups and elliptic operators" Invent. Math. , 50 (1979) pp. 169–203 |

[3] | M.A. Shubin, "Spectral properties and distribution function of the spectrum of a transversally elliptic operator" Trudy Sem. Petrovsk. , 8 (1982) pp. 239–258 (In Russian) |

[4] | S.A. Smagin, M.A. Shubin, "The zeta function of a transversally elliptic operator" Siber. Math. J. , 25 : 6 (1984) pp. 959–966 Siber. Mat. Zh. , 25 : 6 (1984) pp. 158–166 |

#### Comments

So, a (pseudo-)differential operator is transversally elliptic if the combination of the operator with the vector fields defined by the infinitesimal action of the group form an overdetermined elliptic system (cf. also Elliptic partial differential equation).

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Transversal elliptic operator.

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