Kolmogorov-Seliverstov theorem

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If the condition


holds with $W(n)=\log n$, then the Fourier series

$$\frac{a_0}{2}+\sum_{n=1}^\infty(a_n\cos nx+b_n\sin nx)$$

converges almost-everywhere. This was established by A.N. Kolmogorov and G.A. Seliverstov (see [1], [2]). In [1] it was actually proved that $W(n)$ can be taken to be $\log^{1+\delta}n$ for any $\delta>0$, and this statement was strengthened in [2], where its validity was proved for $\delta=0$ as well. This strong form was also obtained by A.I. Plessner [3]. Prior to the Kolmogorov–Seliverstov theorem, the theorem (G.H. Hardy, 1916) was known with $W(n)=\log^2 n$. The Kolmogorov–Seliverstov theorem remained the strongest result in this direction until 1966, when the Carleson theorem was proved, according to which one can take $W(n)=1$. S. Kaczmarz [4] transferred the Kolmogorov–Seliverstov theorem from the trigonometric system to arbitrary orthonormal systems by proving that for the almost-everywhere convergence of series in such systems on some set, one can take for $W(n)$ a monotone majorant of the Lebesgue function on this set.


[1] A.N. Kolmogorov, G.A. Seliverstov, "Sur la convergence des séries de Fourier" C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris , 178 (1924) pp. 303–306
[2] A.N. Kolmogorov, G.A. Seliverstov, "Sur la convergence des séries de Fourier" Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei , 3 (1926) pp. 307–310
[3] A.I. Plessner, "Ueber Konvergenz von trigonometrischen Reihen" J. Reine Angew. Math. , 155 (1925) pp. 15–25
[4] S. Kaczmarz, "Sur la convergence et la sommabilité des développements orthogonaux" Studia Math. , 1 : 1 (1929) pp. 87–121
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Kolmogorov-Seliverstov theorem. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by S.A. Telyakovskii (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article