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Invertible module

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A module $ M $ over a commutative ring $ A $ for which there exists an $ A $- module $ N $ such that $ M \otimes N $ is isomorphic to $ A $( as an isomorphism of $ A $- modules). A module $ M $ is invertible if and only if it is finitely generated, projective and has rank 1 over every prime ideal of $ A $. The classes of isomorphic invertible modules form the Picard group of the ring $ A $; the operation in this group is induced by the tensor product of modules, and the identity element is the class of the module $ A $. In the non-commutative case, an $ ( A , B ) $- bimodule, where $ A $ and $ B $ are associative rings, is called invertible if there exists a $ ( B , A ) $- bimodule $ N $ such that

$$ M \otimes _ {B} N \simeq A \ \ \textrm{ and } \ \ N \otimes _ {A} M \simeq B . $$

References

[1] N. Bourbaki, "Elements of mathematics. Commutative algebra" , Addison-Wesley (1972) (Translated from French)
[2] C. Faith, "Algebra: rings, modules, and categories" , 1 , Springer (1973)

Comments

The Picard group of a non-commutative ring is a useful invariant in the theory of orders and $ G $- modules, cf. [a1], [a2].

References

[a1] A. Fröhlich, "The Picard group of noncommutative rings, in particular of orders" Proc. London Math. Soc. , 180 (1973) pp. 1–45
[a2] A. Fröhlich, I. Reiner, S. Ullom, "Class groups and Picard groups of orders" Proc. London Math. Soc. , 180 (1973) pp. 405–434
How to Cite This Entry:
Invertible module. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Invertible_module&oldid=47426
This article was adapted from an original article by L.V. Kuz'min (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article