Infinite game

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A non-cooperative game, in particular a two-person zero-sum game, with infinite sets of player strategies. Let

$$\Gamma = (X_1,X_2,...,X_n,H_1,H_2,...,H_n)$$

be an infinite game with $n$ participants. It was shown by C. Berge [1] that if $X_1,X_2,...X_n$ are locally convex compact linear topological Hausdorff spaces, if the pay-off functions $H_i$ are continuous on $\Pi_{i=1}^n X_i$ and are quasi-concave for $x_i \in X_i$, $i=1,2,...,n$, then the game $\Gamma$ has equilibrium points (solutions). It was also shown [2] that if the $X_i$ are compact Hausdorff spaces and the $H_i$ are continuous on $\Pi_{i=1}^n X_i$, $i=1,2,...,n$, then $\Gamma$ has equilibrium points in mixed strategies. However, not all infinite games have equilibrium points, even in mixed strategies. For example, for the two-person zero-sum game in which the sets of player strategies are sets of integers, while the pay-off function has the form

$$H(m,n)= \begin{cases} 1, & m>n\\ 0, & m=n\\ -1, & m<n\\ \end{cases}$$

no value exists. The best studied classes of infinite games in normal form are infinite two-person zero-sum games and, in particular, games on the unit square (cf. Game on the unit square).


[1] C. Berge, "Théorie génerale des jeux à $n$ personnes" , Gauthier-Villars (1957)
[2] I.L. Gliksberg, "A further generalization of the Kakutani fixed point theorem with application to Nash equilibrium points" Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. , 3 : 1 (1952) pp. 170–174
How to Cite This Entry:
Infinite game. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by E.B. Yanovskaya (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article