Full subcategory

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A subcategory $\mathfrak C$ of a category $\mathfrak K$ such that for any objects $A$ and $B$ from $\mathfrak C$ one has the equality

$$H_\mathfrak C(A,B)=H_\mathfrak K(A,B).$$

Thus, a full subcategory is completely defined by the class of its objects. Conversely, any subclass of the class of objects of a category $\mathfrak K$ uniquely defines a full subcategory, for which it serves as the class of objects. This subcategory contains exactly those morphisms for which the sources and targets belong to that subclass. In particular, the full subcategory corresponding to a single object $A$ consists of the set $H_\mathfrak K(A,A)$.

Many important classes of subcategories are full subcategories (reflective and co-reflective subcategories, varieties, etc., cf. Reflective subcategory, Variety in a category).



[a1] B. Mitchell, "Theory of categories" , Acad. Press (1965)
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Full subcategory. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by M.Sh. Tsalenko (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article