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Character of a representation of an associative algebra

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A function $ \phi $ on the associative algebra $ A $ defined by the formula $ \phi ( x) = \chi ( \pi ( x)) $ for $ x \in A $, where $ \pi $ is a representation of $ A $ and $ \chi $ is a linear functional defined on some ideal $ I $ in $ \pi ( A) $, satisfying the condition $ \chi ( ab) = \chi ( ba) $ for all $ a \in I $, $ b \in \pi ( A) $. If the representation $ \pi $ is finite-dimensional or if the algebra $ \pi ( A) $ contains a non-zero finite-dimensional operator, then for $ \chi $ one usually considers the trace of the operator. Let $ A $ be a $ C ^ {*} $- algebra, $ \pi $ a representation of the $ C ^ {*} $- algebra $ A $ such that the von Neumann algebra $ \mathfrak A $ generated by $ \pi ( A) $ is a factor of semi-finite type; let $ \chi ^ \prime $ be a faithful normal semi-finite trace on $ \mathfrak A $ and let $ \chi $ be a linear extension of $ \chi ^ \prime $ to an ideal $ \mathfrak M _ {\chi ^ \prime } $. If the set $ \{ {x } : {x \in A, \chi ^ \prime ( \pi ( x)) < + \infty } \} $ is non-zero, then the formula $ \phi ( x) = \chi ( \pi ( x)) $, $ x \in A $, determines a character of the representation of the algebra $ A $ whose restriction to $ A ^ {+} $ is a character of the $ C ^ {*} $- algebra $ A $( cf. Character of a $ C ^ {*} $- algebra). In many cases the character of a representation of an algebra determines the representation uniquely, up to a certain equivalence relation; for example, the character of an irreducible finite-dimensional representation determines the representation uniquely up to equivalence; the character of a factor representation of a $ C ^ {*} $- algebra admitting a trace determines the representation uniquely up to quasi-equivalence.

References

[1] A.A. Kirillov, "Elements of the theory of representations" , Springer (1976) (Translated from Russian)
[2] C.W. Curtis, I. Reiner, "Representation theory of finite groups and associative algebras" , Interscience (1962)
[3] J. Dixmier, " algebras" , North-Holland (1977) (Translated from French)
How to Cite This Entry:
Character of a representation of an associative algebra. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Character_of_a_representation_of_an_associative_algebra&oldid=46314
This article was adapted from an original article by A.I. Shtern (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article