# Cayley-Darboux equation

A third-order partial differential equation that must be necessarily satisfied by a function $u ( x _ {1} , x _ {2} , x _ {3} )$ in order for the family of surfaces $u ( x _ {1} , x _ {2} , x _ {3} ) = \textrm{ const }$ to be complementable to a triply orthogonal system of surfaces. The Cayley–Darboux equation may be written as

$$\left | \begin{array}{cccccc} c _ {11} &c _ {22} &c _ {33} &2c _ {12} &2c _ {23} &2c _ {31} \\ u _ {11} &u _ {22} &u _ {33} &2u _ {12} &2u _ {23} &2u _ {31} \\ 1 & 1 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ u _ {1} & 0 & 0 &u _ {2} & 0 &u _ {3} \\ 0 &u _ {2} & 0 &u _ {1} &u _ {3} & 0 \\ 0 & 0 &u _ {3} & 0 &u _ {2} &u _ {1} \\ \end{array} \ \right | = 0,$$

where

$$c _ {\alpha \beta } = \ \sum _ {k = 1 } ^ { 3 } ( u _ {k} u _ {\alpha \beta k } - 2u _ {\alpha k } u _ {\beta k } ),$$

and

$$u _ {k} = \ u _ {x _ {k} } \dots u _ {\alpha \beta \gamma } = \ u _ {x _ \alpha x _ \beta x _ \gamma } .$$

The equation was first obtained in explicit form by A. Cayley . The above form of the equation is due to G. Darboux .

How to Cite This Entry:
Cayley-Darboux equation. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Cayley-Darboux_equation&oldid=46285
This article was adapted from an original article by E.V. Shikin (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article