Alexander theorem on braids
This result, published by J.W. Alexander in 1923, allows one to study knots and links using the theory of braids, [a1] (cf. also Knot theory). Alexander's theorem has its roots in Brunn's result (1897) that every knot has a projection with only one multiple point (it is usually not a regular projection) [a2].
The smallest number of braid strings used in the presentation is called the braid index of the link.
|[a1]||J.W. Alexander, "A lemma on systems of knotted curves" Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA , 9 (1923) pp. 93–95|
|[a2]||H.K. Brunn, "Über verknotete Kurven" , Verh. Math. Kongr. Zürich (1897) pp. 256–259|
Alexander theorem on braids. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Alexander_theorem_on_braids&oldid=52750