# Adjugate matrix

2020 Mathematics Subject Classification: *Primary:* 15A15 [MSN][ZBL]

*adjoint matrix*

The signed transposed matrix of cofactors for a given square matrix $A$. The $(i,j)$ entry of $\mathrm{adj}\,A$ is $$ \mathrm{adj}\, A_{ij} = (-1)^{i+j} \det A(j,i) $$ where $A(j,i)$ is the minor formed by deleting the row and column through the matrix entry $A_{ji}$.

The expansion of the determinant in cofactors is expressed as $$ A . \mathrm{adj}\, A = \mathrm{adj}\, A . A = (\det A) I $$ where $I$ is the identity matrix.

Some texts do not include the transposition in their definition. The term *adjoint matrix* is also used, but more commonly refers to the conjugate transpose of a matrix, see Adjoint matrix.

#### References

- A.C. Aitken, "Determinants and matrices", Oliver and Boyd (1939) Zbl 65.1111.05 Zbl 0022.10005

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Adjugate matrix.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Adjugate_matrix&oldid=51570