# Abel inequality

An estimate for the sum of products of two numbers. If sets of numbers $(a_k)$ and $(b_k)$ are given such that the absolute values of all sums $B_k = b_1 + \cdots + b_k$, $k=1,\ldots,n$, are bounded by a number $B$, i.e. $|B_k| \le B$, and if either $a_i \ge a_{i+1}$ or $a_i \le a_{i+1}$, $i = 1,2,\ldots,n-1$, then $$\left\vert{ \sum_{k=1}^n a_k b_k }\right\vert \le B(|a_1| + 2|a_n|)$$
If the $a_k$ are non-increasing and non-negative, one has the simpler estimate: $$\left\vert{ \sum_{k=1}^n a_k b_k }\right\vert \le B a_1 \ .$$