# Restricted direct product

2020 Mathematics Subject Classification: *Primary:* 03E *Secondary:* 54B1011R56 [MSN][ZBL]

A generalisation of the direct product of a family of sets $X_\lambda$ ranging over an index set $\Lambda$ where there are given subsets $Y_\lambda \subseteq X_\lambda$ for all but finitely many $\lambda \in \Lambda$. The elements of the restricted direct product are those $(x_\lambda) : x_\lambda \in X_\lambda, \ \lambda \in \Lambda$ for which $x_\lambda \in Y_\lambda$ for all but finitely many $\lambda \in \Lambda$ (the exceptional $\lambda$ including those for which no such $Y_\lambda$ is specified).

If the $X_\lambda$ are pointed sets with basepoints $y_\lambda \in X_\lambda$, then we may take $Y_\lambda = \{ y_\lambda \}$ for all $\lambda \in \Lambda$ and then the restricted direct product becomes the direct sum.

An important special case is when the $X_\lambda$ are topological Abelian groups or rings (cf. Topological group, Topological ring). Assume that the $X_\lambda$ are locally compact and that the $Y_\lambda$ are compact neighbourhoods of zero. We define a topology on the restricted direct product by taking as a basis of neighbourhoods of zero those sets $\prod_\lambda U_\lambda$ with $U_\lambda$ open in $X_\lambda$ for all $\lambda \in \Lambda$ and $U_\lambda = Y_\lambda$ for all but finitely many $\lambda$. The restricted product topology is again locally compact. This is the construction of the topology on the Idèle and Adele groups of a global field.

#### References

*Algebraic Number Theory*, 2nd ed. J.W.S. Cassels, A. Fröhlich (edd) London Mathematical Society (2010)**ISBN**0950273422. First ed. Zbl 0645.12001

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Restricted direct product.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Restricted_direct_product&oldid=54559