Restricted direct product

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2020 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 03E Secondary: 54B1011R56 [MSN][ZBL]

A generalisation of the direct product of a family of sets $X_\lambda$ ranging over an index set $\Lambda$ where there are given subsets $Y_\lambda \subseteq X_\lambda$ for all but finitely many $\lambda \in \Lambda$. The elements of the restricted direct product are those $(x_\lambda) : x_\lambda \in X_\lambda, \ \lambda \in \Lambda$ for which $x_\lambda \in Y_\lambda$ for all but finitely many $\lambda \in \Lambda$ (the exceptional $\lambda$ including those for which no such $Y_\lambda$ is specified).

If the $X_\lambda$ are pointed sets with basepoints $y_\lambda \in X_\lambda$, then we may take $Y_\lambda = \{ y_\lambda \}$ for all $\lambda \in \Lambda$ and then the restricted direct product becomes the direct sum.

An important special case is when the $X_\lambda$ are topological Abelian groups or rings (cf. Topological group, Topological ring). Assume that the $X_\lambda$ are locally compact and that the $Y_\lambda$ are compact neighbourhoods of zero. We define a topology on the restricted direct product by taking as a basis of neighbourhoods of zero those sets $\prod_\lambda U_\lambda$ with $U_\lambda$ open in $X_\lambda$ for all $\lambda \in \Lambda$ and $U_\lambda = Y_\lambda$ for all but finitely many $\lambda$. The restricted product topology is again locally compact. This is the construction of the topology on the Idèle and Adele groups of a global field.


  • Algebraic Number Theory, 2nd ed. J.W.S. Cassels, A. Fröhlich (edd) London Mathematical Society (2010) ISBN 0950273422. First ed. Zbl 0645.12001
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