Reduced system of residues
A set of numbers from a complete system of residues modulo $m$ that are mutually prime with $m$. A reduced residue system modulo $m$ consists of $\phi(m)$ numbers, where $\phi(m)$ is Euler's $\phi$-function (cf. Euler function). One usually takes the numbers mutually prime with $m$ in the complete residue system $0,\ldots,m-1$ as reduced residue system.
A reduced residue system forms a group under multiplication modulo $m$.
Reduced system of residues. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Reduced_system_of_residues&oldid=34895