Pointwise convergence

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2020 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 54C35 [MSN][ZBL]

A type of convergence of sequences of functions (mappings). Let $f_n : X \rightarrow Y$, $n=1,2,\ldots$ where $X$ is some set and $Y$ is a topological space; then pointwise convergence means that for any element $x \in X$ the sequence of values $y_n = f_n(x)$, $n=1,2,\ldots$ converges in the space $Y$. The function $f : x \mapsto \lim_n y_n$ is then the pointwise limit of the sequence $(f_n)$. The definition extends to generalized sequences of functions and their values.

An important subclass of the pointwise-convergent sequences for the case of mappings between metric spaces (or, more generally, uniform spaces) is that of the uniformly-convergent sequences (cf. Uniform convergence).

See also Pointwise convergence, topology of.

How to Cite This Entry:
Pointwise convergence. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by L.D. Kudryavtsev (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article