# Pointwise convergence

2020 Mathematics Subject Classification: *Primary:* 54C35 [MSN][ZBL]

A type of convergence of sequences of functions (mappings). Let $f_n : X \rightarrow Y$, $n=1,2,\ldots$ where $X$ is some set and $Y$ is a topological space; then pointwise convergence means that for any element $x \in X$ the sequence of values $y_n = f_n(x)$, $n=1,2,\ldots$ converges in the space $Y$. The function $f : x \mapsto \lim_n y_n$ is then the **pointwise limit** of the sequence $(f_n)$. The definition extends to generalized sequences of functions and their values.

An important subclass of the pointwise-convergent sequences for the case of mappings between metric spaces (or, more generally, uniform spaces) is that of the uniformly-convergent sequences (cf. Uniform convergence).

See also Pointwise convergence, topology of.

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Pointwise convergence.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Pointwise_convergence&oldid=40133