Normal sub-semi-group

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of a semi-group $S$

A sub-semi-group $H$ satisfying the following condition: For any $x,y\in S^1$ (for the notation $S^1$ see Normal complex) such that $xy\in S$ and for any $h\in H$ the relations $xhy\in H$ and $xy\in H$ are equivalent. A subset of $S$ is a normal sub-semi-group if and only if it is the complete inverse image of the unit element under some homomorphism of $S$ onto a semi-group with unit element.


[1] E.S. Lyapin, "Semigroups" , Amer. Math. Soc. (1974) (Translated from Russian)
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Normal sub-semi-group. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by L.N. Shevrin (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article