# Net (of sets in a topological space)

(Redirected from Network weight)
A family ${\mathcal P}$ of subsets of a topological space $X$ such that for each $x \in X$ and each neighbourhood $O _ {x}$ of $x$ there is an element $M$ of ${\mathcal P}$ such that $x \in M \subset O _ {x}$.
The family of all one-point subsets of a space and every base of a space are networks. The difference between a network and a base is that the elements of a network need not be open sets. Networks appear under continuous mappings: If $f$ is a continuous mapping of a topological space $X$ onto a topological space $Y$ and ${\mathcal B}$ is a base of $X$, then the images of the elements of ${\mathcal B}$ under $f$ form a network ${\mathcal P} = \{ {f U } : {U \in {\mathcal B} } \}$ in $Y$. Further, if $X$ is covered by a family $\{ {X _ \alpha } : {\alpha \in A } \}$ of subspaces, then, taking for each $\alpha \in A$ any base ${\mathcal B} _ \alpha$ of $X _ \alpha$ and amalgamating these bases, a network ${\mathcal P} = \cup \{ { {\mathcal B} _ \alpha } : {\alpha \in A } \}$ in $X$ is obtained. Spaces with a countable network are characterized as images of separable metric spaces under continuous mappings.
The minimum cardinality of a network of a space $X$ is called the network weight, or net weight, of $X$ and is denoted by $\mathop{\rm nw} ( X)$. The net weight of a space never exceeds its weight (cf. Weight of a topological space), but, as is shown by the example of a countable space without a countable base, the net weight can differ from the weight. For compact Hausdorff spaces the net weight coincides with the weight. This result extends to locally compact spaces, Čech-complete spaces and feathered spaces (cf. Feathered space). Hence, in particular, it follows that weight does not increase under surjective mappings of such spaces. Another corollary: If a feathered space $X$( in particular, a Hausdorff compactum) is given as the union of a family of cardinality $\leq \tau$ of subspaces, the weight of each of which does not exceed $\tau$, supposed infinite, then the weight of $X$ does not exceed $\tau$.