Knot table

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2020 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 57K [MSN][ZBL]

The list of diagrams of all simple knots admitting a projection on the plane with 9 or fewer double points. The notation for the knots in this table is standard; the first number indicates the number of double points and the second (placed as a suffix) the ordinal number of the knot. E.g., the knot $7_5$ is the fifth knot in the table with 7 intersections. Alongside each knot in coded form is given its Alexander polynomial $\Delta(t)=a_{2n}t^{2n}+\dots+a_nt^n+\dots+a_0$ (cf. Alexander invariants). Since the Alexander polynomial of every knot has even degree and is reciprocal (i.e. $a_i=a_{2n-i}$), it suffices to give the set of last coefficients $a_n,\dots,a_0$; they are indicated in the table. E.g., next to the knot $8_9$ is written $7-5+3-1$. This means that the Alexander polynomial equals $\Delta(t)=-t^6+3t^5-5t^4+7t^3-5t^2+3t-1$. Non-alternating knots are marked by an asterisk (cf. Alternating knots and links). The table is taken from [a1] with minor modifications.

Figure: k055590a


A table of knots with up to 10 crossings can be found in [a2].


  • [a1] G. Burde, "Knoten" , Jahrbuch Ueberblicke Mathematik , B.I. Wissenschaftsverlag Mannheim (1978) pp. 131–147
  • [a2] D. Rolfsen, "Knots and links" , Publish or Perish (1976)
How to Cite This Entry:
Knot table. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by M.Sh. Farber (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article