Irregularity

A numerical invariant of a non-singular projective algebraic variety $X$, equal to the dimension of its Picard variety. If the ground field has characteristic zero (or, more general, if the Picard scheme of $X$ is reduced), then the irregularity coincides with the dimension of the first cohomology space $H^1(X,\mathcal O_X)$ with coefficients in the structure sheaf.

A variety with non-zero irregularity is called irregular, and a variety with zero irregularity — regular. Sometimes the $i$-th irregularity of a complete linear system $|D|$ on a variety $X$ is defined as

$$\sigma^i(D)=\dim H^i(X,\mathcal O_X(D)),$$

where $1\leq i\leq\dim X$.