Inversion of an elliptic integral

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2020 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 33E05 [MSN][ZBL]

The problem of constructing the function $u$ as a function of $z$ or of constructing single-valued composite functions of the form $f(u(z))$ in the case of an elliptic integral


where $R$ is a rational function of variables $z$ and $w$ which are related by the equation $w^2=F(z)$, where $F(z)$ is a polynomial of degree 3 or 4 without multiple roots. The complete solution of this problem was given almost simultaneously in 1827–1829 by N.H. Abel and C.G.J. Jacobi, who showed that its solution led to new transcendental elliptic functions (cf. Elliptic function).

An essentially different approach to the theory of elliptic functions is due to K. Weierstrass. For the elliptic integral of the first kind in Weierstrass normal form,

$$z=\int\limits^u\frac{dz}{w},\quad w^2=4z^3-g_2z-g_3,$$

$u=\mathrm p(z)$ turns out to be the Weierstrass $\wp$-function with invariants $g_2,g_3$ (see Weierstrass elliptic functions). For the elliptic integral of the first kind in Legendre normal form,


inversion leads to the Jacobi elliptic functions.


[1] N.I. Akhiezer, "Elements of the theory of elliptic functions" , Amer. Math. Soc. (1990) (Translated from Russian)
[2] A. Hurwitz, R. Courant, "Vorlesungen über allgemeine Funktionentheorie und elliptische Funktionen" , Springer (1964) pp. Chapt. 3, Abschnitt 2
How to Cite This Entry:
Inversion of an elliptic integral. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by E.D. Solomentsev (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article