# Disjoint sum of partially ordered sets

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 06A [MSN][ZBL]

disjoint sum of posets

Let $P$ and $Q$ be two partially ordered sets.

The disjoint sum $P+Q$ of $P$ and $Q$ is the disjoint union of the sets $P$ and $Q$ with the original ordering on $P$ and $Q$ and no other comparable pairs. A poset is disconnected if it is (isomorphic to) the disjoint sum of two sub-posets. Otherwise it is connected. The maximal connected sub-posets are called components.

The disjoint sum is the direct sum in the category of posets and order-preserving mappings. The direct product in this category is the Cartesian product $P\times Q$ with partial ordering

$$(p,q)\geq(p',q')\Leftrightarrow p\geq p',q\geq q'.$$

How to Cite This Entry:
Disjoint sum of partially ordered sets. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Disjoint_sum_of_partially_ordered_sets&oldid=35409
This article was adapted from an original article by M. Hazewinkel (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article