Approximation of a continuous function $f$ defined on a set $M$ by functions $S$ from a given class of functions, where the measure of approximation is the deviation in the uniform metric
P.L. Chebyshev in 1853  raised and studied the problem of best uniform approximation of a continuous function by algebraic polynomials of degree not exceeding $n$. For this problem, and also for the more general problem concerning best uniform approximation of a function by rational functions, he obtained fundamental results, and at the same time laid the foundations for the theory of best approximation.
|||P.L. Chebyshev, , Collected works , 2 , Moscow-Leningrad (1947) pp. 23–51 (In Russian)|
|||R.S. Guter, L.D. Kudryavtsev, B.M. Levitan, "Elements of the theory of functions" , Moscow (1963) (In Russian)|
See also [a1], especially Chapt. 3, and [a2], Section 7.6. For an obvious reason, Chebyshev approximation is also called best uniform approximation.
|[a1]||E.W. Cheney, "Introduction to approximation theory" , McGraw-Hill (1966)|
|[a2]||P.J. Davis, "Interpolation and approximation" , Dover, reprint (1975) pp. 108–126|
Chebyshev approximation. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Chebyshev_approximation&oldid=31848