Binomial ring

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2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 13F [MSN][ZBL]

A ring $R$ with torsion-free addition in which all binomial symbols $$ \binom{x}{n} = \frac{x(x-1)\cdots(x-n+1)}{n!} $$ are well-defined as functions on $R$: the corresponding elements of $R \otimes_{\mathbf{Z}} \mathbf{Q}$ lie in $R$. Clearly any field of characteristic zero is a binomial ring, as is the ring of integers $\mathbf{Z}$.

If $R$ is binomial, then defining $\lambda^n (a) = \binom{a}{n}$ makes $R$ a lambda-ring with operators $\lambda^n$. The Adams operations are all equal to the identity.


  • Yau, Donald Lambda-rings World Scientific (2010) ISBN 978-981-4299-09-1 Zbl 1198.13003
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