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Binary tetrahedral group

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2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 20-XX [MSN][ZBL]

The exceptional group $G_4$ or $\langle 3,3,2 \rangle$, abstractly presented as: $$ \langle R,S \ |\ R^3=S^3=(RS)^2 \rangle \ . $$ It is finite of order 24. It has the alternating group $A_4$ as quotient by the centre and the quaternion group of order 8 as a quotient.

This group may be realised as the group of invertible Hurwitz numbers: $$ \pm 1\,,\ \pm i\,,\ \pm j\,,\ \pm k\,,\ \frac{\pm1\pm i\pm j\pm k}{2} \ . $$

The group has an action on the three-sphere with tetrahedral space as quotient.

References

[1] H.S.M. Coxeter, "Regular complex polytopes" , Cambridge Univ. Press (1991) pp. 76 ISBN 0-521-20125-X Zbl 0732.51002
How to Cite This Entry:
Binary tetrahedral group. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Binary_tetrahedral_group&oldid=51423