# Difference between revisions of "Core of a subgroup"

From Encyclopedia of Mathematics

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− | Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$. The core of $H$ is the maximal subgroup of $H$ that is | + | Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$. The core of $H$ is the maximal subgroup of $H$ that is a [[normal subgroup]] of $G$. It follows that |

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\mathrm{core}_G (H) = \bigcap_g H^h \ ,\ \ \ H^g = gHg^{-1} | \mathrm{core}_G (H) = \bigcap_g H^h \ ,\ \ \ H^g = gHg^{-1} | ||

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If the index $[G:H] = n < \infty$, then $[G:\mathrm{core}_G (H)]$ divides $n!$. | If the index $[G:H] = n < \infty$, then $[G:\mathrm{core}_G (H)]$ divides $n!$. | ||

− | Let $g(xH) = (gx)H$ and define the permutation representation of $G$ on the set of right cosets of $H$ in $G$. Then its kernel is the core of $H$ in $G$. | + | Let $g(xH) = (gx)H$ and define the permutation representation of $G$ on the set of right cosets of $H$ in $G$ (cf [[Coset in a group]]). Then its kernel is the core of $H$ in $G$. |

====References==== | ====References==== | ||

<table><TR><TD valign="top">[a1]</TD> <TD valign="top"> M. Suzuki, "Group theory" , '''I''' , Springer (1982)</TD></TR><TR><TD valign="top">[a2]</TD> <TD valign="top"> W.R. Scott, "Group theory" , Dover, reprint (1987) (Original: Prentice-Hall, 1964)</TD></TR></table> | <table><TR><TD valign="top">[a1]</TD> <TD valign="top"> M. Suzuki, "Group theory" , '''I''' , Springer (1982)</TD></TR><TR><TD valign="top">[a2]</TD> <TD valign="top"> W.R. Scott, "Group theory" , Dover, reprint (1987) (Original: Prentice-Hall, 1964)</TD></TR></table> | ||

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+ | [[Category:Group theory and generalizations]] |

## Revision as of 18:30, 13 October 2014

Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$. The core of $H$ is the maximal subgroup of $H$ that is a normal subgroup of $G$. It follows that $$ \mathrm{core}_G (H) = \bigcap_g H^h \ ,\ \ \ H^g = gHg^{-1} $$ If the index $[G:H] = n < \infty$, then $[G:\mathrm{core}_G (H)]$ divides $n!$.

Let $g(xH) = (gx)H$ and define the permutation representation of $G$ on the set of right cosets of $H$ in $G$ (cf Coset in a group). Then its kernel is the core of $H$ in $G$.

#### References

[a1] | M. Suzuki, "Group theory" , I , Springer (1982) |

[a2] | W.R. Scott, "Group theory" , Dover, reprint (1987) (Original: Prentice-Hall, 1964) |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Core of a subgroup.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Core_of_a_subgroup&oldid=33614

This article was adapted from an original article by M. Hazewinkel (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article