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Bateman function

From Encyclopedia of Mathematics
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$ k $- function

The function

$$ \tag{1 } k _ \nu (x) = \ \frac{2} \pi \int\limits _ { 0 } ^ { \pi /2 } \cos (x \mathop{\rm tg} \theta - \nu \theta ) d \theta , $$

where $ x $ and $ \nu $ are real numbers. The function was defined by H. Bateman [1]. The Bateman function may be expressed in the form of a confluent hypergeometric function of the second kind $ \Psi (a, b, x) $:

$$ \tag{2 } \Gamma ( \nu +1)k _ {2 \nu } (x) = \ e ^ {-x} \Psi ( - \nu , 0 ; 2 x) ,\ x > 0 . $$

The relation (2) is conveniently taken as the definition of the Bateman function in the complex plane with the cut $ (- \infty , 0] $. The following relations are valid: for case (1)

$$ k _ \nu (-x) = k _ {- \nu } (x), $$

for case (2)

$$ k _ {2 \nu } (- \xi \pm i0) = \ k _ {- 2 \nu } ( \xi )-e ^ {\pm \nu \pi i } e ^ \xi \Phi (- \nu , 0; - 2 \xi ), $$

where $ \xi > 0 $, and $ \Phi (a, b; x) $ is a confluent hypergeometric function of the first kind.

References

[1] H. Bateman, "The -function, a particular case of the confluent hypergeometric function" Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. , 33 (1931) pp. 817–831
[2] H. Bateman (ed.) A. Erdélyi (ed.) , Higher transcendental functions , 1. The gamma function. The hypergeometric functions. Legendre functions , McGraw-Hill (1953)
How to Cite This Entry:
Bateman function. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Bateman_function&oldid=45995
This article was adapted from an original article by L.N. Karmazina (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article