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A formula of the language of propositional calculus taking the truth value "true" independently of the truth values "true" or "false" taken by its propositional variables. Examples: $A\supset A$, $A\lor\neg A$, $(A\supset B)\supset(\neg B\supset\neg A)$.

In general one can check whether a given propositional formula is a tautology by simply examining its truth table: the finite set of all combinations of values of its propositional variables. It is usual to give a presentation of propositional calculus which is both sound: every theorem deducible in the system is a tautology; and complete: every tautology is a theorem.



[a1] Yu.I. Manin, "A course in mathematical logic" , Springer (1977) pp. 31, 54 (Translated from Russian)
[b1] Peter J. Cameron, "Sets, Logic and Categories" Springer (2012) ISBN 1447105893
How to Cite This Entry:
Tautology. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by V.N. Grishin (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article