Information, quantization of
The partitioning of a set of possible communications generated by an information source (cf. Information, source of) into a finite (or sometimes countable) number of disjoint subsets $A_i$ in such a way that the information in each class can be represented with a given precision of reproduction of the information (cf. Information, exactness of reproducibility of) by some specially selected element $a_i\in A_i$. To a given quantization of information corresponds a way of coding the information source, defined by a coding function $\phi(x)=a_i$ when $x\in A_i$. Such a quantization enables one to replace the sending of a continuous signal by that of a discrete signal without violating certain conditions on the precision of reproduction of information.
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Information, quantization of. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Information,_quantization_of&oldid=33316