# Floor function

*entier function, greatest integer function, integral part function*

The function of a real variable that assigns to a real number $x$ the largest integer $\leq x$. The modern notation is $\lfloor x\rfloor$; the classical notation is $[x]$. In computer science and computer languages it is often denoted by $\operatorname{int}(x)$.

The related ceiling function $\lceil x\rceil$ gives the smallest integer $\geq x$. The fractional part function is defined as

$$\operatorname{frac}(x)=\begin{cases}x-\lfloor x\rfloor&\text{for }x\geq0,\\x-\lfloor x\rfloor-1&\text{for }x<0.\end{cases}$$

The nearest integer function is

$$\operatorname{nint}(x)=\operatorname{round}(x)=x-\operatorname{frac}(x).$$

#### References

[a1] | R.L. Graham, D.E. Knuth, O. Patashnik, "Concrete mathematics: a foundation for computer science" , Addison-Wesley (1990) |

[a2] | S. Wolfram, "Mathematica: Version 3" , Addison-Wesley (1996) pp. 718–719 |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Floor function.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Floor_function&oldid=33154