A point on an algebraic curve (or on a Riemann surface) of genus at which the following condition is satisfied: There exists a non-constant rational function on which has at this point a pole of order not exceeding and which has no singularities at other points of . Only a finite number of Weierstrass points can exist on , and if is 0 or 1, there are no such points at all, while if , Weierstrass points must exist. These results were obtained for Riemann surfaces by K. Weierstrass. For algebraic curves of genus there always exist at least Weierstrass points, and only hyper-elliptic curves of genus have exactly Weierstrass points. The upper bound on the number of Weierstrass points is . The presence of a Weierstrass point on an algebraic curve of genus ensures the existence of a morphism of degree not exceeding from the curve onto the projective line .
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|||G. Springer, "Introduction to Riemann surfaces" , Addison-Wesley (1957) pp. Chapt.10|
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Weierstrass point. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Weierstrass_point&oldid=12917