# Difference between revisions of "Symmetric channel"

A communication channel whose transition function possesses some kind of symmetry. A homogeneous discrete time memoryless channel with finite alphabets and of input and output letters, respectively, and defined by a matrix of transition probabilities is called a symmetric channel if:

 (*)

where is the number of elements of , . The most studied example of a memoryless symmetric channel is the binary symmetric channel with matrix of transition probabilities

For symmetric channels, many important information-theoretic characteristics can either be calculated explicitly or their calculation can be substantially simplified in comparison with non-symmetric channels. For example, for a memoryless symmetric channel with matrix of the form (*) the capacity (cf. Transmission rate of a channel) is given by the equation

For references see ,

cited under Communication channel.