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Difference between revisions of "Subtraction"

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The arithmetical operation opposite to [[Addition|addition]], i.e. finding one of the terms from the given sum and the given other term. The given sum is named the minuend, the given term is known as the subtrahend, while the term to be found is called the difference. Subtraction is denoted by <img align="absmiddle" border="0" src="https://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/legacyimages/s/s091/s091050/s0910501.png" /> (minus). Thus, in the expression
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The arithmetical operation opposite to [[Addition|addition]], i.e. finding one of the terms from the given sum and the given other term. The given sum is named the minuend, the given term is known as the subtrahend, while the term to be found is called the difference. Subtraction is denoted by $-$ (minus). Thus, in the expression
  
<table class="eq" style="width:100%;"> <tr><td valign="top" style="width:94%;text-align:center;"><img align="absmiddle" border="0" src="https://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/legacyimages/s/s091/s091050/s0910502.png" /></td> </tr></table>
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$$a-b=c,$$
  
<img align="absmiddle" border="0" src="https://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/legacyimages/s/s091/s091050/s0910503.png" /> is the minuend, <img align="absmiddle" border="0" src="https://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/legacyimages/s/s091/s091050/s0910504.png" /> is the subtrahend and <img align="absmiddle" border="0" src="https://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/legacyimages/s/s091/s091050/s0910505.png" /> is the difference.
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$a$ is the minuend, $b$ is the subtrahend and $c$ is the difference.
  
 
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Latest revision as of 20:48, 16 March 2014

The arithmetical operation opposite to addition, i.e. finding one of the terms from the given sum and the given other term. The given sum is named the minuend, the given term is known as the subtrahend, while the term to be found is called the difference. Subtraction is denoted by $-$ (minus). Thus, in the expression

$$a-b=c,$$

$a$ is the minuend, $b$ is the subtrahend and $c$ is the difference.

Comments

References

[a1] P.M. Cohn, "Algebra" , 1 , Wiley (1982) pp. 136
How to Cite This Entry:
Subtraction. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Subtraction&oldid=13293