Steklov function

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for an integrable function on a bounded segment

The function


Functions of the form (*), as well as the iteratively defined functions

were first introduced in 1907 by V.A. Steklov (see [1]) in solving the problem of expanding a given function into a series of eigenfunctions. The Steklov function has derivative

almost everywhere. If is uniformly continuous on the whole real axis, then

where is the modulus of continuity of . Similar inequalities hold in the metric of , provided .


[1] V.A. Steklov, "On the asymptotic representation of certain functions defined by a linear differential equation of the second order, and their application to the problem of expanding an arbitrary function into a series of these functions" , Khar'kov (1957) (In Russian)
[2] N.I. [N.I. Akhiezer] Achiezer, "Theory of approximation" , F. Ungar (1956) (Translated from Russian)


Steklov's fundamental paper was first published in French (1907) in the "Communications of the Mathematical Society of Kharkov" ; [1] is the Russian translation, together with additional comments by N.S. Landkof.


[a1] E.W. Cheney, "Introduction to approximation theory" , Chelsea, reprint (1982)
[a2] M.W. Müller, "Approximationstheorie" , Akad. Verlagsgesellschaft (1978)
How to Cite This Entry:
Steklov function. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by A.V. Efimov (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article