# Riesz theorem(2)

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Riesz's theorem on the representation of a subharmonic function: If is a subharmonic function in a domain of a Euclidean space , , then there exists a unique positive Borel measure on such that for any relatively compact set the Riesz representation of as the sum of a potential and a harmonic function is valid:

 (1)

where

and is the distance between the points (see ). The measure is called the associated measure for the function or the Riesz measure.

If is the closure of a domain and if, moreover, there exists a generalized Green function , then formula (1) can be written in the form

 (2)

where is the least harmonic majorant of in .

Formulas (1) and (2) can be extended under certain additional conditions to the entire domain (see Subharmonic function, and also , ).

Riesz's theorem on the mean value of a subharmonic function: If is a subharmonic function in a spherical shell , then its mean value over the area of the sphere with centre at and radius , , that is,

where is the area of , is a convex function with respect to for and with respect to for . If is a subharmonic function in the entire ball , then is, furthermore, a non-decreasing continuous function with respect to under the condition that (see ).

Riesz's theorem on analytic functions of Hardy classes , : If is a regular analytic function in the unit disc of Hardy class , (see Boundary properties of analytic functions; Hardy classes), then the following relations hold:

where is an arbitrary set of positive measure on the circle , and are the boundary values of on . Moreover, if and only if its integral is continuous in the closed disc and is absolutely continuous on (see [2]).

Theorems 1)–3) were proved by F. Riesz (see , [2]).

#### References

 [1a] F. Riesz, "Sur les fonctions sous harmoniques et leur rapport à la theorie du potentiel I" Acta Math. , 48 (1926) pp. 329–343 [1b] F. Riesz, "Sur les fonctions sous harmoniques et leur rapport à la theorie du potentiel II" Acta Math. , 54 (1930) pp. 321–360 [2] F. Riesz, "Ueber die Randwerte einer analytischer Funktion" Math. Z. , 18 (1923) pp. 87–95 [3] I.I. Privalov, "Subharmonic functions" , Moscow-Leningrad (1937) (In Russian) [4] I.I. [I.I. Privalov] Priwalow, "Randeigenschaften analytischer Funktionen" , Deutsch. Verlag Wissenschaft. (1956) (Translated from Russian) [5] W.K. Hayman, P.B. Kennedy, "Subharmonic functions" , 1 , Acad. Press (1976)