Reidemeister theorem

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Two link diagrams represent the same ambient isotopy class of a link in if and only if they are related by a finite number of Reidemeister moves (see Fig.a1) and a plane isotopy.

Figure: r130060a

Proofs of the theorem were published in 1927 by K. Reidemeister [a3], and by J.W. Alexander and G.B. Briggs [a1].

The theorem also holds for oriented links and oriented diagrams, provided that Reidemeister moves observe the orientation of diagrams. It holds also for links in a manifold , where is a surface.

The first formalization of knot theory was obtained by M. Dehn and P. Heegaard by introducing lattice knots and lattice moves [a2]. Every knot has a lattice knot representation and two knots are lattice equivalent if and only if they are ambient isotopic. The Reidemeister approach was to consider polygonal knots up to -moves. (A -move replaces one side of a triangle by two other sides or vice versa. A regular projection of a -move can be decomposed into Reidemeister moves.) This approach was taken by Reidemeister to prove his theorem.

References

 [a1] J.W. Alexander, G.B. Briggs, "On types of knotted curves" Ann. of Math. , 28 : 2 (1927/28) pp. 563–586 [a2] M. Dehn, P. Heegaard, "Analysis situs" , Encykl. Math. Wiss. , III AB3 , Leipzig (1907) pp. 153–220 [a3] K. Reidemeister, "Elementare Begrundung der Knotentheorie" Abh. Math. Sem. Univ. Hamburg , 5 (1927) pp. 24–32
How to Cite This Entry:
Reidemeister theorem. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Reidemeister_theorem&oldid=16693
This article was adapted from an original article by Jozef Przytycki (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article