A Banach space that coincides under the canonical imbedding with its second dual (cf. Adjoint space). More precisely, let be the space dual to , i.e. the set of all continuous linear functionals defined on . If is the value of the functional on an element , then with a fixed and running through , the formula defines a linear functional on , that is, an element of the space . Let be the set of such functionals. The correspondence is an isomorphism which does not change the norm: . If , then the space is called reflexive. The spaces and , , are reflexive, and the space is not reflexive.
A space is reflexive if and only if the space is reflexive. Another criteria of reflexivity of a Banach space is weak compactness (cf. Weak topology) of the unit ball of this space.
A reflexive space is weakly complete and a closed subspace of a reflexive space is reflexive.
The concept of reflexivity naturally extends to locally convex spaces (cf. Locally convex space).
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Reflexive space. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Reflexive_space&oldid=17039