The simplest form of an algebraic expression, a polynomial containing only one term.
Like polynomials (see Ring of polynomials), monomials can be considered not only over a field but also over a ring. A monomial over a commutative ring in a set of variables , where runs through some index set , is a pair , where and is a mapping of the set into the set of non-negative integers, where for all but a finite number of . A monomial is usually written in the form
where are all the indices for which . The number is called the degree of the monomial in the variable , and the sum is called the total degree of the monomial. The elements of the ring can be regarded as monomials of degree 0. A monomial with is called primitive. Any monomial with is identified with the element .
The set of monomials over in the variables , , forms a commutative semi-group with identity. Here the product of two monomials and is defined as .
Let be a commutative -algebra. Then the monomial defines a mapping of into by the formula .
Monomials in non-commuting variables are sometimes considered. Such monomials are defined as expressions of the form
where the sequence of (not necessarily distinct) indices is fixed.
|||S. Lang, "Algebra" , Addison-Wesley (1974)|
Monomial. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Monomial&oldid=19244