The homogeneous space $ G/H $ , where $ G $ is an affine reductive algebraic group (cf. also Affine group; Reductive group) defined over an algebraically closed field $ k $ and $ H $ is a closed subgroup of $ G $ , is an affine algebraic variety if and only if $ H $ is a reductive group. This criterion was first found by Y. Matsushima  in the case where $ k $ is the complex field. Later, proofs were given that are valid for every algebraically closed field of characteristic zero (see , , ). In the case where the characteristic of $ k $ is positive, the proof of the criterion was obtained only after the proof of the Mumford hypothesis (see , ).
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Matsushima criterion. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Matsushima_criterion&oldid=44254