The solution of the Einstein equation describing the external gravity field of a rotating source with mass and angular momentum . It is of type according to the classification of A.Z. Petrov. The simplest description is as the Kerr–Schild metric:
where is the null vector , tangent to the special principal null congruence with rotation (of non-gradient type), and is the metric tensor of Minkowski space. The characteristic parameter of the Kerr metric is . In the general case in the presence of a charge (a Kerr–Newman metric) the scalar function has the form
The field is singular on the annular thread of radius (when ). For the singularity contracts to a point; when the Kerr metric becomes the Schwarzschild metric.
The Kerr metric was obtained by R.P. Kerr .
|||R.P. Kerr, "Gravitational field of a spinning mass as an example of algebraically special matrices" Phys. Rev. Letters , 11 (1963) pp. 237–238|
|||C.W. Misner, K.S. Thorne, J.A. Wheeler, "Gravitation" , Freeman (1973)|
|||M. Rees, R. Ruffini, J. Wheeler, "Black holes, gravitational waves and cosmology" , Gordon & Breach (1974)|
Kerr metric. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Kerr_metric&oldid=17370