# Difference between revisions of "Identity matrix"

A square matrix $I$ with entries $1$ on the main diagonal and $0$ otherwise: $$I_{ij} = \delta_{ij} = \begin{cases} 1 & \text{if}\ i =j \\ 0 & \text{otherwise} \end{cases}$$ where $\delta$ is the Kronecker symbol.
If $R$ is a ring with identity and 0 and 1 are interpreted as elements of $R$, then $I$ is the identity element in the matrix ring $M_n(R)$.