# Generalized function, derivative of a

A weak extension of the operation of ordinary differentiation. Let be a generalized function, . The generalized (weak) derivative

of order is defined by the equation

(*) |

Since the operation is linear and continuous from into , the functional defined by the right-hand side of (*) is a generalized function in . If , then for all with .

The following properties hold for the derivatives of a generalized function: the operation is linear and continuous from into ; any generalized function in is infinitely differentiable (in the generalized sense); the result of differentiation does not depend on the order; the Leibniz formula is valid for the differentiation of a product , when ; and .

Let . It may happen that a certain generalized derivative can be identified with some -function. In this case is a generalized derivative of function type.

### Examples.

1) , where is the Heaviside function and is the Dirac function (cf. Delta-function for both).

2) The general solution of the equation in the class is an arbitrary constant.

3) The trigonometric series

converges in and it can be differentiated term-by-term in infinitely many times.

#### References

[1] | L. Schwartz, "Théorie des distributions" , 1 , Hermann (1950) |

[2] | S.L. Sobolev, "Applications of functional analysis in mathematical physics" , Amer. Math. Soc. (1963) (Translated from Russian) |

#### Comments

#### References

[a1] | K. Yosida, "Functional analysis" , Springer (1980) pp. Chapt. 8, Sect. 4; 5 |

[a2] | L.V. Hörmander, "The analysis of linear partial differential operators" , 1 , Springer (1983) |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Generalized function, derivative of a.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Generalized_function,_derivative_of_a&oldid=17641