Fejér summation method
A summation method of arithmetical averages (cf. Arithmetical averages, summation method of), applied to the summation of Fourier series. It was first applied by L. Fejér .
The Fourier series
of a function is summable by the Fejér summation method to a function if
and the are the partial sums of (1).
If is a point of continuity of or a discontinuity of the first kind, then its Fourier series at that point is Fejér summable to or to , respectively. If is continuous on some interval , then its Fourier series is uniformly Fejér summable on every segment ; and if is continuous everywhere, then the series is summable to uniformly on (Fejér's theorem).
This result was strengthened by H. Lebesgue , who proved that for every summable function , its Fourier series is almost-everywhere Fejér summable to .
is called the Fejér kernel. It can be used to express the Fejér means (2) of in the form
|||L. Fejér, "Untersuchungen über Fouriersche Reihen" Math. Ann. , 58 (1903) pp. 51–69|
|||H. Lebesgue, "Recherches sur la convergence de séries de Fourier" Math. Ann. , 61 (1905) pp. 251–280|
|||N.K. [N.K. Bari] Bary, "A treatise on trigonometric series" , Pergamon (1964) (Translated from Russian)|
|||A. Zygmund, "Trigonometric series" , 1–2 , Cambridge Univ. Press (1988)|
See also Cesàro summation methods.
Fejér summation method. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Fej%C3%A9r_summation_method&oldid=18036