Difference between revisions of "Fejér summation method"

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A summation method of arithmetical averages (cf. Arithmetical averages, summation method of), applied to the summation of Fourier series. It was first applied by L. Fejér [1].

The Fourier series


of a function is summable by the Fejér summation method to a function if



and the are the partial sums of (1).

If is a point of continuity of or a discontinuity of the first kind, then its Fourier series at that point is Fejér summable to or to , respectively. If is continuous on some interval , then its Fourier series is uniformly Fejér summable on every segment ; and if is continuous everywhere, then the series is summable to uniformly on (Fejér's theorem).

This result was strengthened by H. Lebesgue [2], who proved that for every summable function , its Fourier series is almost-everywhere Fejér summable to .

The function

is called the Fejér kernel. It can be used to express the Fejér means (2) of in the form


[1] L. Fejér, "Untersuchungen über Fouriersche Reihen" Math. Ann. , 58 (1903) pp. 51–69
[2] H. Lebesgue, "Recherches sur la convergence de séries de Fourier" Math. Ann. , 61 (1905) pp. 251–280
[3] N.K. [N.K. Bari] Bary, "A treatise on trigonometric series" , Pergamon (1964) (Translated from Russian)
[4] A. Zygmund, "Trigonometric series" , 1–2 , Cambridge Univ. Press (1988)


See also Cesàro summation methods.

How to Cite This Entry:
Fejér summation method. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by I.I. Volkov (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article