A statistical point estimator that preserves the structure of the problem of statistical estimation relative to a given group of one-to-one transformations of a sampling space.
Suppose that in the realization of a random vector , the components of which are independent, identically distributed random variables taking values in a sampling space , , it is necessary to estimate the unknown true value of the parameter . Next, suppose that on acts a group of one-to-one transformations such that
In turn, the group generates on the parameter space a so-called induced group of transformations , the elements of which are defined by the formula
Let be a group of one-to-one transformations on such that
Under these conditions it is said that a point estimator of is an equivariant estimator, or that it preserves the structure of the problem of statistical estimation of the parameter with respect to the group , if
The most interesting results in the theory of equivariant estimators have been obtained under the assumption that the loss function is invariant with respect to .
|||S. Zachs, "The theory of statistical inference" , Wiley (1971)|
|||E.L. Lehmann, "Testing statistical hypotheses" , Wiley (1986)|
Equivariant estimator. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Equivariant_estimator&oldid=15622