A $2$-form $\Omega$ on a principal fibre bundle $P$ with structure Lie group $G$, taking values in the Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ of the group $G$ and defined by the connection form $\theta$ on $P$ by the formula
The curvature form is a measure of the deviation of the given connection from the locally flat connection characterized by the condition $\Omega\equiv0$. It satisfies the Bianchi identity
and defines the holonomy algebra (see Holonomy group).
The equation $\Omega=d\theta+[\theta,\theta]/2$ is called the structure equation.
|[a1]||S. Kobayashi, K. Nomizu, "Foundations of differential geometry" , 1 , Interscience (1963) pp. Chapt. V, VI|
Curvature form. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Curvature_form&oldid=16422