# Difference between revisions of "Curvature form"

A $2$-form $\Omega$ on a principal fibre bundle $P$ with structure Lie group $G$, taking values in the Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ of the group $G$ and defined by the connection form $\theta$ on $P$ by the formula

$$\Omega=d\theta+\frac12[\theta,\theta].$$

The curvature form is a measure of the deviation of the given connection from the locally flat connection characterized by the condition $\Omega\equiv0$. It satisfies the Bianchi identity

$$d\Omega=[\Omega,\theta]$$

and defines the holonomy algebra (see Holonomy group).

The equation $\Omega=d\theta+[\theta,\theta]/2$ is called the structure equation.